Horse Product Array

Premium Quality is Evident in our Products!

Since 1981, Standlee has grown and manufactured the highest quality sun-cured western forage products.

FEATURED EXPERTStephen E. Duren, M.S., Ph.D., PAS

Dr. Stephen Duren, a native of Soda Springs, Idaho, completed his Bachelor of Science in Animal Sciences at the University of Idaho. Dr. Duren, founder of Performance Horse Nutrition, LLC®, earned a Master of Science and a Doctor of Philosophy in Equine Nutrition and Exercise Physiology from the University of Kentucky. Dr. Duren is recognized by American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists as a member in good standing. He is also a member of the Equine Science Society (ESS) where he served as a board of directors’ member.

READ NUTRITIONAL PAPERS
Dr. Stephen Duren
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        "author": "Jessica Wright",
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        "url": "/standlee-barn-bulletin/the-scoop-on-hay-cubes-for-horses",
        "title": "The Scoop on Hay Cubes for Horses",
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        "metaTitle": "The Scoop on Hay Cubes for Horses",
        "metaDescription": "Are you curious about feeding hay cubes to your horses? The following blog post is the scoop on Standlee cubes, made with premium western quality forage.",
        "body": "

Are you curious about hay cubes? Maybe you’ve had these questions come up, whether you’re a beginner horse owner or veteran, lifelong owner of horses:

\n\n

The following is the scoop on Standlee cubes, made with premium western quality forage.

\n

The Making of a Cube

\n

Hay cubes consist of dried forage, such as alfalfa, that is formed into 1.25” wide x 2.5” long rectangular pieces. To make a cube, Standlee Premium Products\n first grows the forage plant to the proper stage of maturity, and then cuts, dries and bales the forage into conventional bales for storage. Throughout\n the year, this baled forage is then coarsely chopped to a fiber length of approximately 2 – 2.5”, mixed with water and bentonite (a natural clay binder).\n Bentonite is an approved horse feed ingredient that is used to prevent the crumbling of cubes prior to feeding (NRC, 2007). The moistened forage is\n then pushed through a dye with pressure to form the cube. Once made, the forage cubes are dried to a moisture level that allows for proper storage.\n Standlee Premium Western Forage currently manufactures certified alfalfa cubes, premium alfalfa cubes,\n alfalfa/timothy grass cubes and alfalfa/oat grass cubes.

\n

Feeding Cubes

\n

The mechanical process of making a forage cube does not change the digestibility of the forage. Therefore, the digestibility of a bale of high-quality\n alfalfa is the same as a cube made with the same high-quality alfalfa. When replacing long-stem baled hay with forage cubes, you would replace one\n pound of hay with one pound of forage cubes.

\n

To swallow and digest a forage cube, the horse must properly chew the cube. If the cube is not properly chewed, the horse can potentially choke. Most horses\n will properly chew forage cubes. However, for any horse that is new or naïve to forage cubes, tends to bolt their feed, or with poor dentition, it\n is recommended to soak the cubes in water prior to feeding them. To properly soak forage cubes, the cubes should be totally submerged in water for\n approximately 30-60 minutes prior to feeding. This will soften the cubes until they dissolve into short pieces of forage fiber.

\n

Types of Horses that Benefit from Forage Cubes

\"Standlee\n

High-quality forage cubes can be beneficial for many different types of horses.

\n\n

Finally, forage cubes can be fed to all types of horses when baled hay is in short supply or when the quality of local hay is marginal. Replacing all or\n part of baled hay with forage cubes will provide high-quality nutrient-rich forage for you horses. Simply replacing 1 pound of baled hay with 1 pound\n of forage cubes will boost forage quality and nutrient intake.

\n

See our nutritional paper, “Why Feed Forage Pellets or Cubes?” for more tips\n on feeding forage cubes and how they can be beneficial for horses and horse owners looking for a convenient forage option.

\n

If you have questions, please contact the nutritionists at Standlee Premium Western Forage, or consult with your veterinarian.

\n

By Dr. Stephen Duren\n
Standlee Nutritional Expert - Performance Horse Nutrition

\n

Featured Products

\n\n
\n

Scientific Reference:\n

\n

NRC, 2007. Nutrient Requirements of Horses, Sixth Revised Edition. National Research Council.

\n

Lybbert TC. Gastric ulcer syndrome in exercising horses fed different types of hay [master thesis]. Texas A&M University, 2007.

", "urlWithHost": "http://standleeforage.com/standlee-barn-bulletin/the-scoop-on-hay-cubes-for-horses", "rating": 0.0, "commentsCount": 0, "trackbacksCount": 0 }, { "id": 661245, "type": "BlogsPosts", "date": "2021-06-10T00:00:00", "author": "Jessica Wright", "authorPictureUrl": "/CatalystImages/UserProfileDefault.jpg", "trackbackUrl": "http://standleeforage.com/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=11741&PostID=661245&A=Trackback", "url": "/standlee-barn-bulletin/cresty-neck-a-precursor-to-metabolic-disease-in-horses", "title": "Cresty Neck – A Precursor to Metabolic Disease in Horses", "postFeaturedImage": "https://standlee.imgix.net/blog/horse_with_cresty_neck.jpg?auto=format&w=690", "metaTitle": "Cresty Neck – A Precursor to Metabolic Disease in Horses", "metaDescription": "Cresty neck can be a precursor to metabolic disease in horses. In this blog from Standlee Forage cresty neck is explained including the cresty neck scoring system and an infographic.", "body": "

Obesity is associated with insulin resistance in horses and ponies. Overweight horses also have an increased risk of laminitis, and overweight mares have\n decreased reproductive function. Human studies show that regional fat deposition, such as abdominal fat, is more predictive of metabolic disease than\n overall body fat. Currently, the most common system for assessing a horse’s fatness is using body condition scoring (1-9 scale). This method determines\n the overall fatness of a horse but does not differentiate between specific regions of fat. Like abdominal fat in humans, neck crest fat in horses has\n been suggested to be associated with insulin resistance and increased risk for laminitis. Recent research has developed a novel scoring system for\n grading neck crest fatness.

\"Horse\n

The “cresty neck scoring system” is on a scale of 0 to 5, where a score of zero equals no visual appearance of a crest, and a score of five equals enormous\n and permanently drooping to one side. Like the current overall body condition scoring system, the cresty neck scoring system is subjective and requires\n experience in learning to judge condition and practice to obtain consistent values.

\"Standlee\n

Even with these limitations, the cresty neck scoring system has been proven to be a valuable tool when predicting a horse’s risk of metabolic disease.\n An increase in cresty neck score (CNS) was associated with an increase in circulating insulin and a decrease in insulin sensitivity in the equines\n studied. These factors potentially amplify the animals’ risk for an array of metabolic diseases, including laminitis.

\n

Points to consider when implementing any condition scoring system are that horse owners should be trained by someone with experience at scoring animals,\n i.e., your local feed company representative or equine nutritionist. Also, the same person should be assessing the horse each time to be consistent\n and account for variation between people. Perhaps taking a monthly photograph of your horse in the same position each time (best in front of a blank\n wall) would help assess increases or decreases in your horse’s condition.

\n

It is crucial to find convenient, easy-to-use methods for the assessment of regional fatness. While body condition scoring is an accepted method for the\n assessment of overall fatness, neck scoring can standardize the assessment of regional fat distribution on the crest of the neck. This system will\n provide critical information to horse owners to proactively manage their equines to reduce the risk of them developing these devastating diseases.

\n

When dealing with horses or ponies with a CNS of 4 or 5, we must be cautious of feeding diets high in sugar and starch, as these may make any underlying\n risk for metabolic disease worse.

\n

If you have questions, please contact the nutritionists at Standlee Premium Western Forage, or consult with your veterinarian.

\"Standlee\n

Do you enjoy podcasts? Listen to our podcast Beyond the Barn!\n

\n

Learn more about structural and non-structural carbohydrates, what carbohydrate sensitivity is related to horses, metabolic diseases associated with carbohydrate\n sensitivity and cresty neck, in Episode 5: Are Horses Carbohydrate Sensitive. Visit our podcast webpage at https://standleeforage.com/podcast or find us on Apple, Spotify or Google Podcasts to subscribe and listen for free.

\n

By Dr. Tania Cubitt\n
Standlee Nutritional Expert - Performance Horse Nutrition

\n
\n

Scientific Reference:\n

\n

 

\n

Carter, R.A. & Geor, R.J. & Staniar, W.B. & Cubitt, T.A. & Harris, P.A. (2009). Apparent adiposity assessed by standardised scoring systems and morphometric measurements in horses and ponies. The Veterinary Journal. 179. 204-210.\n

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